Breast surgery is a type of surgical procedure performed on the breast. There are several types of breast surgeries, based on the patient's condition, need and medical history
Anatomy of the Breast:
Breast is a tissue overlying the chest muscles in women. It is also known as mammary glands, which are a pair of glandular organs that are responsible to produce milk in response to the hormone changes of childbirth. These glands are made up of fatty tissue and are supported by ligaments and large muscles.
Each breast has 15-20 lobes which comprise the number of lobules and ducts supportive tissue. Each lobule has 30 major ducts that open onto the nipple. The darker region around the nipple is called the Areola. At the edge of the Areola, there are large glands that produce fluid to lubricate the nipple.
In each armpit, there are approximately 20-30 lymph nodes (glands) that drain fluid from the breast and form part of the lymphatic system which helps the body to fight against infection.
Benign Breast Diseases:
The term “Benign Breast Diseases” includes a heterogeneous group of lesions that may present various symptoms or may not be identified as incidental microscopic findings. The incidence of benign breast lesions begins to rise during the second decade of life and peaks within fourth and fifth decades, as opposed to malignant diseases, for which the incidence continues to increase after menopause at a less speedy pace.
It is important to understand the benign breast disease which requires sequential steps are necessary to differentiate lesions that convey the high risk of subsequent breast cancer from those which do not
A breast infection is a type of infection that occurs within the breast tissue. It is also known as mastitis. Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is the cause of most breast diseases, which is further causing staph infection.
1. Acute Mastitis is a bacterial infection which is seen commonly in the postpartum period. Bacteria occupy the breast through small erosions in a lactating woman's nipple and result in an abscess.
2. Breast Abscess is a localised collection of pus in the breast tissue, caused by a bacterial infection.
3. Chronic Mastitis is a type of infection which occurs in women who are not breastfeeding. In postmenopausal women, breast infections are related to chronic inflammation of the ducts below the nipple.
4. Hormonal changes in the body can cause the milk ducts to become clogged with dead skin cells and debris. These clogged ducts will make the breast more open to bacterial infection, which tends to return after antibiotics.
Risk Factors for Breast Cancer:
Age, Early menstrual period, Genetics, Family history, Personal history of breast cancer, Personal history of certain non-cancerous breast diseases, Race ethnicity, Obese, Pregnancy history, dense breasts, Drinking alcohol, use of combination hormone therapy and previous treatment using radiation therapy.
29th June, 2019 : Sakra World Hospital, Bangalore has signed a MoU with Rotary Palmville, Bangalore today in the presence of The District Governor - Rotarian Suresh Hari S at a Rotary function. This is a joint social initiative by Sakra World Hospital which will conduct awareness camps, screening camps and provide treatment for breast cancer for the underprivileged women for free of cost. The camps will be conducted in rural parts of Bangalore, adjoining cities & villages in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Speaking on the occasion, Mr Takashi Maki, MD Sakra World Hospital said " Today, breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women in India as well as globally. However, if detected early, this type of cancer is almost completely curable. Unfortunately in India due to lack of awareness and early screening, more than 50% of the cases are detected late when it is already in stage 3 or 4 leading to high mortality rates. So as part of our CSR strategy, we wanted to hence focus on awareness building and early detection of breast cancer"
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