Stomach Flu Symptoms and Treatments | Best Stomach Doctor in Bangalore
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February, 2023

Stomach flu - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Stomach flu, also known as gastroenteritis, is a common condition that causes inflammation and irritation of the digestive system, particularly the stomach, and intestines. This condition is characterized by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Stomach flu is usually caused by a viral infection, although it can also be caused by bacteria or parasites. The best stomach doctor in Bangalore recommends maintaining proper hygiene and washing hands regularly with soap and avoiding sharing food with people who are sick to avoid stomach flu. However, there are some home remedies available that can relieve symptoms of stomach flu. 

Symptoms of stomach flu

The symptoms of stomach flu typically appear within one to three days of exposure to the virus and may include:
  • Stomach pain and stomach cramps
  • Watery and non-bloody diarrhea
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Fever
  • Muscle aches
  • Headaches
It's important to note that stomach flu is not the same as seasonal flu, which primarily affects the respiratory system. If you are experiencing symptoms of stomach flu, it's important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Most people recover from this stomach flu within a few days without any kind of complications. 

Causes of Stomach Flu

Stomach flu is usually caused by a viral infection. Some of the viruses are, 
  • Rotavirus
  • Norovirus
  • Astrovirus
  • Adenovirus
These viruses can be easily spread from person to person through contaminated food or water, or by touching a surface contaminated with the virus. Stomach flu can also be caused by bacteria or parasites, such as Salmonella or E. coli. In these cases, the infection is typically spread through contaminated food or water.

Treatment for Stomach Flu

The main goal of treatment for stomach flu is to manage symptoms and prevent dehydration. Here are some steps you can take to help relieve symptoms and speed up recovery:
  • Drink plenty of fluids: This is essential to prevent dehydration, which can be a serious problem in severe cases of stomach flu. Try to drink at least eight glasses of water or clear fluids per day, and avoid caffeine, alcohol, and sugary drinks, which can make symptoms worse.
  • Eat small, frequent meals: Start with bland, easily digestible foods, such as crackers, rice, or toast, and gradually introduce more solid foods as your symptoms improve.
  • Avoid fatty or spicy foods: These foods can irritate your digestive system and make symptoms worse.
  • Get plenty of rest: Stomach flu can be exhausting, so make sure you get plenty of rest and avoid strenuous activity until you feel better.
In severe cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed to help treat the underlying viral infection. Antibiotics may also be prescribed if bacteria are suspected as the cause of the infection. Some of the medicines recommended by doctors include, 
  • Ibuprofen
  • Antiemetics
  • OTC antidiarrheals

Prevention of Stomach Flu

The best way to prevent stomach flu is to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently with soap and water, especially after using the bathroom. You should also avoid sharing utensils, food, or drinks with someone who has the flu and stay home if you are sick to avoid spreading the virus to others.

If you are experiencing any symptoms related to stomach flu, it is important to get a consultation with the eminent doctors at one of the best Gastric hospitals in Bangalore, Sakra World Hospitals where their team of experts guides you through some of the preventive measures and the necessary medications to avoid stomach flu in the future.



Dr Lorance Peter

Director - Gastroenterology & Hepatology

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