Every year, millions of women undergo gynaecological procedures to diagnose, evaluate, or treat gynaecological problems. Gynaecological surgery or treatment procedures are performed on the female reproductive system. These procedures can range from minimally invasive to open surgery. A variety of gynaecological illnesses and conditions can be diagnosed and treated this way including uterine fibroids, cysts, uterine prolapse, etc.
The field of gynaecological surgery is ever-expanding and encompasses the surgical interventions related to women’s health, which includes minimal access surgery, oncology, urogynecology, and fetal surgery. The gynaecological field is rapidly evolving with respect to new developments and innovations in robotics, endoscopy, and interventional procedures.
Laparoscopy/keyhole surgery/minimal access surgery
In order to perform open abdominal surgeries, the surgeon makes a cut which is large enough to have adequate visibility, access to the abdominal organs and allow the use of hand-held surgical instruments. Depending on the size of the patient and the type of operation, the cut may be 6 to 12 inches in length. There is a significant amount of discomfort associated with these cuts. They have more blood loss, prolonged hospital stay, and longer recovery time post-surgery. These traditional techniques have long been used and taught to generations of surgeons, and are widely available.
Advantages of laparoscopy over open surgery
Small incision- less pain and short recovery time, wounds heal quickly. There is less
scarring with better cosmetics.
The pain is less. So less administration of pain medication.
Reduced bleeding and need for blood transfusion is negligible.
2-3 days stay in the hospital after surgery. Few are discharged on the same day. This
enables the patient to return to normal routine life quickly.
There is a reduced chance of infections & contamination
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What is minimally invasive gynecologic surgery?
It is an advanced surgical method performed using a digital camera connected to the telescope that is inserted into the abdomen or cervix into the uterine cavity.
What are the benefits of minimally invasive surgery?
The advantages of minimally invasive surgery are fewer incisions, less pain, less blood loss and shorter recovery time.
What are the common types of minimally invasive surgery?
The common types of minimally invasive surgery are Laparoscopy, Hysteroscopy, Vaginal technique, Robotic-assisted surgery and Single port surgery.
What are the conditions treated by minimally invasive gynecologic surgery?
Endometriosis, Ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, Ovarian cysts, Pelvic organ prolapse, Pelvic pain, Pelvic inflammatory disease, Heavy bleeding and painful periods, Postmenopausal bleeding, Uterine fibroids and uterine polyps.