Causes and Symptoms of Psoriasis | best dermatologist for psoriasis in bangalore


May, 2023

Psoriasis - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Psoriasis is a skin condition characterized by chronic autoimmune dysfunction that affects the skin. It is characterized by the rapid buildup of skin cells that results in thick, scaly patches of skin. These patches can be red, dry, itchy, and sometimes painful.

The exact cause of psoriasis is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to a problem with the immune system. In people with psoriasis, the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy skin cells, causing them to reproduce rapidly and pile up on the surface of the skin.

Psoriasis can occur on any part of the body, but it is most commonly found on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. The severity of psoriasis can vary widely from person to person, with some people experiencing only mild symptoms while others have more severe cases that require medical treatment. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to speak with the best dermatologist for psoriasis in Bangalore to determine a suitable course of treatment.

Causes of Psoriasis

The exact causes of psoriasis are not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors.
  • Genetic factors: Psoriasis tends to run in families, and it is believed that certain genetic mutations may increase the risk of developing the condition.
  • Environmental factors: Certain environmental factors can trigger psoriasis or worsen symptoms in people who already have the condition. These may include infections, injuries to the skin, stress, and cold weather.
  • Immune system factors: Psoriasis is categorized as an autoimmune disorder because the immune system is responsible for attacking healthy skin cells, leading to inflammation and a build-up of skin cells.
  • Certain medications, such as lithium and beta-blockers, can trigger psoriasis or make symptoms worse. In addition, smoking and obesity may increase the risk of developing psoriasis or worsen existing symptoms.
Psoriasis is a complex condition with multiple factors contributing to its development. While the exact causes are not fully understood, researchers continue to study the condition to better understand its underlying mechanisms and develop more effective treatments.

Symptoms of Psoriasis

While there can be a great deal of variation in psoriasis between individuals, there are some symptoms that are commonly experienced, including:
  • Red patches of skin covered with thick, silvery scales
  • Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
  • Burning, itching, or soreness in the affected areas
  • Small scaling spots (commonly seen in children)
  • Thickened, pitted, or ridged nails
  • Swollen and stiff joints
Psoriasis is a chronic condition, which means that symptoms may come and go over time. Some people may experience periods of remission where they have little or no symptoms, while others may have frequent flare-ups of their symptoms. 

Treatment for Psoriasis

The treatment options for psoriasis depend on the type, severity, and location of the symptoms, as well as the patient's overall health and medical history. The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation, slow the growth of skin cells, and relieve symptoms such as itching and pain. 

Here are some commonly used treatments for psoriasis:

Topical treatments: These are medications that can be directly applied to the skin in the form of creams, gels, or ointments.

Phototherapy: This is a treatment method that requires the skin to be exposed to ultraviolet light under the guidance of a medical professional.

Oral medications: These may include retinoids, methotrexate, cyclosporine, or immunomodulatory drugs.

Biologic drugs: These are medications that target specific parts of the immune system that are involved in psoriasis. Biologics are typically administered by injection or intravenous infusion.

Alternative therapies: These include natural remedies such as aloe vera, fish oil supplements, and tea tree oil. 

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that can cause a wide range of symptoms, from mild itching and dryness to severe pain, discomfort, and disfigurement. It is important to work with a dermatologist at Sakra World Hospital who provides psoriasis treatment in Bangalore and determine the best course of treatment for your individual case of psoriasis. Treatment may involve a combination of different therapies, and it may take some time to find the right approach for you. In addition to medical treatment, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, avoiding triggers such as stress and smoking, and using moisturizers can also help manage symptoms of psoriasis.



Dr Vijaya Gowri Bandaru

Visiting Consultant - Dermatology

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