Allergy Treatment in Bangalore | Allergy Doctor Bangalore


August, 2023

Newer Treatments of Allergy - Immunotherapy and Biologics

In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the occurrence of allergies worldwide, impacting millions of people. Traditionally, allergy management consists of antihistamines and corticosteroids to alleviate symptoms. However, there are now innovative treatment options available that tackle the root cause of allergies, providing a promising outlook for long-lasting relief. This blog will delve into two revolutionary approaches to transforming allergy treatment: immunotherapy and biologics.

I. Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots or allergen immunotherapy, is a treatment that aims to desensitize the immune system to specific allergens. It is typically recommended for patients with severe allergic conditions or those who do not respond adequately to conventional treatments. Here's how immunotherapy works:
  • Skin prick test: The process starts with identifying the allergens that trigger the individual's allergic reactions, such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander using a skin prick test.
  • Customized Treatment: Allergy specialists prepare a personalized allergen extract mixture tailored to the patient's specific allergens.
  • Gradual Desensitization: Patients receive regular doses of the allergen extracts, starting with tiny amounts that are gradually increased over time. This helps the immune system build tolerance to the allergen, reducing its overreaction.

Types of Immunotherapy

  • Subcutaneous Immunotherapy (SCIT): SCIT, commonly referred to as allergy shots, has been used for decades. During SCIT, the allergen extracts are injected under the skin, initiating the process of desensitization. The treatment is typically administered over several months, with patients experiencing a significant reduction in allergy symptoms.
  • Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT): SLIT involves placing small amounts of allergen extracts under the tongue. It offers a less invasive alternative to SCIT, making it more convenient for patients, especially children. SLIT has demonstrated effectiveness in treating allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma.

Benefits of Immunotherapy

  • Long-term Relief: Immunotherapy offers the prospect of long-lasting symptom relief, even after the treatment has been completed.
  • Reduced Medication Dependence: Patients may find a decreased need for allergy medications as their immune system becomes less reactive to allergens.
  • Prevention of Progression: Immunotherapy can prevent the progression of allergic conditions, such as allergic rhinitis, to more severe respiratory problems like asthma.

II. Biologics

Biologics are a relatively recent class of medications that target specific immune system components responsible for allergic reactions. These medications are developed using living cells and genetically engineered proteins. Unlike traditional antihistamines and corticosteroids, which alleviate symptoms, biologics act on the immune system's underlying mechanisms. Here's how they work:
  • Precise Targeting: Biologics target specific molecules, such as immunoglobulin E (IgE) or cytokines like interleukins, that play key roles in allergic reactions.
  • Blocking Allergic Responses: By inhibiting these molecules, biologics prevent the immune system from initiating the cascade of events leading to allergy symptoms.

Types of Biologics for Allergies

  • Monoclonal Antibodies: These biologics are designed to target and neutralize specific immune system components, such as immunoglobulin E (IgE). IgE plays an important role in triggering allergic reactions, and monoclonal antibodies can block its actions, offering relief from allergic symptoms.
  • Cytokine Inhibitors: Allergic reactions involve the release of various cytokines, which are signaling molecules in the immune system. Cytokine inhibitors can block the actions of specific cytokines, mitigating the allergic response.

Common Biologics Used in Allergy Treatment

  • Omalizumab: This biologic targets IgE, reducing its ability to trigger allergic reactions. It is primarily used for severe allergic asthma and chronic urticaria.
  • Dupilumab: This medication blocks the action of interleukin receptors, providing relief for moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (eczema) and certain cases of asthma.

Benefits of Biologics

  • Targeted Approach: Biologics offers a highly targeted approach, minimizing side effects often associated with conventional allergy medications.
  • Efficacy for Severe Allergies: Biologics have shown remarkable efficacy in treating severe, refractory allergies that do not respond to other treatments.
  • Improved Quality of Life: By effectively controlling allergic symptoms, biologics can significantly enhance patients' overall quality of life.

Conditions Treated with Biologics

Biologics have demonstrated remarkable efficacy in managing severe allergic conditions, such as:
  • Severe Allergic Asthma: Biologics have been found to significantly reduce asthma exacerbations and improve lung function in patients with severe asthma that is not well-controlled with standard therapies.
  • Chronic Urticaria (Hives): Biologics targeting IgE have shown substantial success in reducing the frequency and severity of hives in patients with chronic urticaria.
  • Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema): Biologics directed against specific cytokines have shown promise in managing moderate to severe eczema, leading to improved skin health and quality of life.


Immunotherapy has brought about significant advancements in the treatments of allergy in Bangalore at Sakra World Hospital. Immunotherapy aims to modify how the immune system reacts to allergens, providing long-term relief and reducing reliance on ongoing medications. On the other hand, biologics take a precise and targeted approach by blocking specific immune system components responsible for allergic reactions. Both therapies have demonstrated promising outcomes in alleviating symptoms and enhancing the quality of life for individuals with severe allergies. As ongoing research in this area continues to progress, we can look forward to even more effective and personalized allergy treatments, ultimately moving us closer to a world where allergies no longer pose a burden.



Dr Shantanu Tandon

HOD & Senior Consultant - Ear , Nose & Throat (ENT)

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