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June, 2023

How Vitamins and Minerals affect your teeth

Maintaining healthy teeth is important for both our oral health and overall well-being. While brushing and flossing play a crucial role in maintaining good oral hygiene, our diet also plays a significant role. Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients that our body needs to function properly, and they also have a significant impact on the health of our teeth and gums.

The importance of dental health extends beyond just the health of your mouth. Poor oral health has been linked to other health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections. Taking care of your teeth and gums is an important part of maintaining overall health and well-being.

Why are vitamins and minerals important to teeth?

Vitamins and minerals are essential for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. They play a crucial role in various functions, such as building strong enamel, repairing damaged tissues, and preventing gum disease. 

Here are some specific ways in which vitamins and minerals are important for dental health:

  • Calcium is a vital mineral that helps build and maintain strong teeth and bones. Our teeth are made of calcium, and we need to consume enough calcium to support our structure. Calcium also helps prevent tooth decay and gum disease. The recommended daily calcium intake for adults is 1,000 to 1,200 mg per day. 
  • Good sources of calcium include dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt, as well as leafy green vegetables, nuts, and fortified foods.
Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and is necessary for strong bones and teeth. Vitamin D deficiency can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and weakened bones. Vitamin D is also essential for maintaining healthy immune function and reducing inflammation. 
  • The best source of vitamin D is sun exposure, but it can also be found in fatty fish, egg yolks, and fortified foods like milk, orange juice, and cereal.
Vitamin C
  • Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect our teeth and gums from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals can cause inflammation and weaken the gums, leading to periodontal disease. Vitamin C also aids in collagen production, which helps keep gums healthy. 
  • Good sources of vitamin C include citrus fruits, berries, tomatoes, peppers, and leafy greens.
  • Phosphorus is another mineral that supports healthy teeth and bones. It works with calcium to build strong teeth and helps repair and regenerate tissues. Phosphorus is also essential for energy production and maintaining proper cell function. 
  • Good sources of phosphorus include meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, nuts, and seeds.
Vitamin A
  • Vitamin A plays a critical role in the development of healthy teeth and gums. It helps maintain the mucous membranes in the mouth, which act as a protective barrier against bacteria and viruses. Vitamin A is also essential for maintaining healthy skin, vision, and immune function. 
  • Good sources of vitamin A include sweet potatoes, carrots, spinach, kale, and liver.
  • Potassium is a mineral that helps neutralize acids in the mouth, reducing the risk of tooth decay. It also helps maintain healthy blood pressure, proper nerve function, and muscle contraction. 
  • Good sources of potassium include bananas, oranges, potatoes, tomatoes, and leafy greens.
  • Magnesium is necessary for strong teeth and bones. It works with calcium and vitamin D to support healthy bone development and maintenance. Magnesium also plays a crucial role in muscle and nerve function and energy production. 
  • Good sources of magnesium include nuts, seeds, whole grains, leafy greens, and dark chocolate.


Vitamins and minerals play a crucial role in our oral health. Consuming a balanced diet rich in calcium, vitamin D, vitamin C, phosphorus, vitamin A, potassium, magnesium, and fluoride can help prevent tooth decay and maintain healthy teeth and gums. However, it's essential to remember that good oral hygiene habits are also critical for maintaining optimal oral health. By incorporating these nutrients into your diet and practicing good oral hygiene, you can ensure that your teeth stay healthy and strong for years to come. If you're having any dental problems, you can visit Sakra World Hospital to consult with the best dental doctor in Bangalore.



Dr Balasubramanya K.V

HOD & Senior Consultant - Periodontics

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