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August, 2021

Pulmonary Hypertension- Symptoms and Causes

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What Is Pulmonary Hypertension (PH)?

Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries of the lungs and the right side of the heart. The blood vessels in the lungs are narrowed, blocked or destroyed.

Who gets Pulmonary Hypertension?

There are a few risk factors that can cause some people more likely to have pulmonary hypertension, but anyone can get it. It affects children and adults, men and women and people of all races and ethnic backgrounds. PH can occur on its own or in conjunction with other conditions such as heart disease, connective tissue disorders (scleroderma, lupus, and others), HIV, and COPD.

What are the symptoms of Pulmonary Hypertension?

The symptoms of pulmonary hypertension develop slowly which is why it is difficult to notice them for months or even years. The symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness, chest pain or pressure, swelling in ankles or feet, bluish colour to your lips, racing pulse, etc.

Sakra World is the best pulmonology hospital in Bangalore with a team of pulmonologists offering comprehensive lungs, respiratory system disease treatment.

What are the types of Pulmonary Hypertension?

Pulmonary hypertension is divided into five categories, based on the cause.

  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)

  • Pulmonary hypertension caused by left-sided heart disease

  • Pulmonary hypertension caused by lung disease

  • Pulmonary hypertension is caused by chronic blood clots

  • Pulmonary hypertension triggered by other health conditions

How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Diagnosed?

It is difficult to diagnose pulmonary hypertension in the routine physical exam as the sign and symptoms are similar to other heart and lung conditions. To diagnose PH the doctor will order a few tests which may include blood tests, chest X-ray, ECG, echocardiogram, CT scan, MRI, pulmonary function test, Ventilation/perfusion, etc.

How is Pulmonary Hypertension treated?

There is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, but there are several treatment methods that can manage the condition and slow the progress of PH.

Can lifestyle changes help with Pulmonary hypertension?

Yes, lifestyle changes can help in improving the condition and slow down the symptoms. Follow these tips:

  • Get plenty of rest

  • Avoid smoking

  • Avoid birth control pills

  • Eat healthily and manage your weight

  • Don’t travel to high altitudes

Who treats Pulmonary Hypertension?

Pulmonary hypertension is treated by a cardiologist, cardiac surgeon and pulmonologist in Bangalore. It can be managed by medications, therapy, but if medicines don't work, surgery is required.

We at Sakra World Hospital provide the best pulmonary hypertension treatment in Bangalore. The Department of Respiratory Medicine at Sakra World Hospital makes sure that comprehensive care is provided for both inpatients and outpatients with any pulmonary problem.



Dr Sachin Kumar

Senior Consultant - Pulmonology & Critical Care Medicine

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