Dental Care During Pregnancy | Best Dental Surgeon in Bangalore
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July, 2023

Dental Care in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is an exciting and transformative time for many women, but it also comes with a set of unique health concerns and considerations. One of these concerns is dental care, as changes in hormones and habits during pregnancy can increase the risk of dental problems. 

Here, we will discuss the importance of dental care during pregnancy and provide some tips for maintaining good oral health.

Why is dental care important during pregnancy?

The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can have a significant impact on oral health. These changes can cause an increase in bacteria and plaque in the mouth, which can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and other dental problems. Additionally, pregnant women may experience increased sensitivity and inflammation in the gums, which can lead to bleeding and discomfort.

Poor oral health during pregnancy has also been linked to other health problems, such as preterm birth and low birth weight. This is because the bacteria that cause gum disease can enter the bloodstream and travel to the uterus, potentially causing complications during pregnancy.

Reasons: Why pregnant women are at higher risk of having dental problems?

Pregnant women are at higher risk of having dental problems due to various factors, including:

Hormonal changes: During pregnancy, hormonal changes can affect the body's response to dental plaque and increase the risk of developing gingivitis or gum disease. The increased levels of progesterone and estrogen can cause the gums to become more sensitive and inflamed, making them more susceptible to bleeding and infection.

Poor oral hygiene: Pregnancy can also lead to changes in a woman's oral hygiene routine due to morning sickness, fatigue, or other pregnancy-related symptoms. Poor oral hygiene can cause plaque buildup and lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and other dental problems.

Diet changes: Pregnancy often leads to changes in diet, including increased snacking or cravings for sugary foods. Eating more sugar can increase the risk of tooth decay and other dental problems.

Morning sickness: Many women experience morning sickness during pregnancy, which can lead to vomiting and acid reflux. The stomach acid can erode tooth enamel, increasing the risk of tooth decay and sensitivity.

Delayed dental care: Some pregnant women may postpone dental appointments due to concerns about the safety of dental treatments during pregnancy. However, delaying dental care can allow dental problems to worsen and increase the risk of complications.

Increased blood flow: During pregnancy, the body experiences an increase in blood flow, which can cause the gums to become more swollen and bleed more easily. This can increase the risk of gum disease and other dental problems.

Tips for maintaining good oral health during pregnancy

Visit your dentist regularly- Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential during pregnancy. Your dentist can identify any potential problems early on and provide appropriate treatment. It's best to schedule dental appointments during the second trimester when the baby's development is less susceptible to potential risks.

Brush and floss regularly- Brushing twice a day and flossing once a day is crucial for maintaining good oral hygiene. Use fluoride toothpaste to protect your teeth from decay. Consider using a softer-bristled toothbrush to prevent irritation and bleeding of your gums.

Rinse with mouthwash- Mouthwash can help to kill bacteria and freshen your breath. Choose an alcohol-free mouthwash to avoid the risk of swallowing alcohol.

Eat a healthy diet- A balanced diet is important for both your overall health and oral health. During pregnancy, it's especially important to consume foods that are high in calcium and vitamin D, as these nutrients are essential for the development of your baby's teeth and bones.

Avoid sugary and acidic foods- Sugary and acidic foods can erode your tooth enamel and increase the risk of tooth decay. Try to limit your intake of sugary and acidic foods and drinks, and consume them in moderation.

Manage morning sickness- If you experience morning sickness, it's important to rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash after vomiting to remove any acid from your mouth that can erode your tooth enamel.

Practice stress management- Stress can also have a negative impact on your oral health. Consider practicing relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga to manage stress during pregnancy.

Consider dental treatment options- If you need dental treatment during pregnancy, it's important to let your dentist know that you are pregnant. Some dental treatments, such as X-rays, may need to be postponed until after the baby is born. However, there are many safe treatment options available for pregnant women, and your dentist can work with you to find the best option for your needs.


Pregnancy can be a challenging time for many women, but good dental care can help to prevent many potential oral health problems. Regular dental check-ups, good oral hygiene, a healthy diet, and stress management are all essential for maintaining good oral health during pregnancy. By following these tips, you can help to ensure a healthy pregnancy and a healthy smile for both you and your baby. To know more, it is important to consult with the best dental surgeon in Bangalore at Sakra World Hospital to get the finest treatment during pregnancy.



Dr Balasubramanya K.V

HOD & Senior Consultant - Periodontics

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