Symptoms of Gender Identity Disorder | Plastic Surgeon in Bangalore
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February, 2023

Gender Identity Disorder - Causes & Treatment

Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is a mental health condition in which a person experiences significant distress due to a mismatch between their gender identity and their biological sex. This can result in feelings of discomfort, anxiety, and depression, and can greatly impact a person's daily life. Individuals looking for gender reassignment can consult with a plastic surgeon in Bangalore to learn more about the available treatments. This article will explore the symptoms and causes of this condition and how it can be diagnosed and treated.

Symptoms of Gender Identity Disorder

The most common symptom is a strong and persistent feeling that a person is a different gender than the one they were at birth. This may involve feelings of discomfort with their own body and a desire to alter their physical appearance to align with their gender identity. The person may also experience anxiety, depression, and social isolation due to their gender identity discrepancy.

Adults with GID may experience similar symptoms, but may also experience additional stress related to the social stigma and discrimination they face in society. This can result in difficulty in forming and maintaining relationships, difficulty at work or school, and a sense of being disconnected from their own body and identity.

Causes of Gender Identity Disorder

The exact cause is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of biological, environmental, and psychological factors. It is also known as Gender Dysphoria.
  • Biological factors may include differences in the structure or function of the brain, hormonal imbalances, or genetic predispositions. Some research has suggested that differences in brain structure or function may play a role but more research is needed to fully understand the biological basis of the condition.
  • Environmental factors, such as childhood experiences and societal attitudes, may also play a role in the development of this condition. Children who grow up in environments that are not supportive of their gender identity may experience distress and anxiety and also struggle to develop a positive self-image.
  • Psychological factors, such as trauma, abuse, or neglect, can also contribute to the development of gender identity disorder. These experiences may result in feelings of disconnection from one's own body and may contribute to the development of gender dysphoria.

Diagnosis and Treatment

This condition is diagnosed by mental health professionals using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria. The treatment involves a combination of individual therapy and medical interventions. There are two treatment options available for this condition -
  • Individual Therapy
  • Medical Intervention like hormone therapy or surgery
In therapy, individuals with GID can work with a mental health professional to explore their gender identity and address any related psychological issues.

Medical interventions for GID may include hormone therapy to alter their physical appearance, and gender-affirming surgery to remove or alter reproductive organs or other physical characteristics. These interventions can help individuals feel more comfortable in their own bodies and reduce gender dysphoria.

Surgery is one of the options available for those who wish to physically alter their body to match their gender identity. This can include a variety of procedures, such as chest reconstruction for transgender men, genital reconstruction for transgender women, and other procedures like facial feminization or masculinization. However, not all individuals with Gender Dysphoria choose to have surgery and there is no one-size-fits-all approach.

The goal of gender reassignment surgery is to help individuals align their physical appearance with their gender identity and reduce gender dysphoria.

Some of the procedures may include:
  • Chest surgery (mastectomy or chest reconstruction)
  • Genital surgery (vaginoplasty, phalloplasty, or metoidioplasty)
  • Hysterectomy or oophorectomy (removal of reproductive organs)
  • Body contouring (fat removal or fat grafting)
  • Facial feminization or masculinization surgery
It is important for people to carefully consider their available options before opting for any treatment. The decision to pursue medical interventions or surgery is a personal choice and can be made in consultation with a doctor at Sakra World Hospital who specializes in plastic surgery in Bangalore.



Dr Rajendra S Gujjalanavar

HOD & Senior Consultant - Plastic Surgery

Dr Narender Manickavachakan

Senior Consultant - Plastic Surgery

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