The Sakra Institute of Spine Surgery is one of the finest tertiary care centres for spinal diseases in India. The unit is headed by Dr. Satish Ridrappa, (Director of Institute of Neurosciences, Senior Consultant Neurosurgery & Head - Department of Spine Surgery at Sakra World Hospital, Bangalore) and comprises of Dr. Swaroop Gopal, Senior Consultant - Neuro Surgery & Director – Neurosciences, Consultant Dr N. Chandrashekar and Associate Consultant Dr Ramachandran Govindasamy. The centre has a very strong focus in clinical and basic science research and is AOSPINE recognized centre for last 2 years. The centre has been the proud recipient of many national and international awards.

Spine disorders can be effectively treated by medications, physiotherapy. However, when all other treatment options fail to restore back normalcy, spine surgery becomes the only solution for chronic back-pain and other back-related problems that cause severe immobility and reduced quality of life. The Spinal surgeries are extremely specialized procedures which requires both skill & advanced technology. The state-of-the-art operations theatres, advanced ICUs and superior quality equipment’s like Neuro – monitoring, High resolution Intra – operative CT image intensifier (C-AM), 3 – Tesla MRI has made surgeries safer, faster and more efficient.

Sakra’s conservative approach uses pain intervention and superior neuro rehab therapy when possible and minimally -invasive spine surgery when crucial. This has helped us heal thousands of spinal disorders, thus making us the Best Spine Surgery Centers of India.


- Spine & Orthopedics surgeons work together, which brings a comprehensive diagnose and cure for the patient ailment.

- All types of Spinal disorders are treated from Spinal cord tumors to deformities correction surgery.

- 2500+ surgeries performed in last 5 years


Conditions treated:


  • Sciatica
  • Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
  • Adult Degenerative Scoliosis
  • Back Pain
  • Cervical Stenosis
  • Cervical Disc Herniation
  • Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Cervical Radiculopathy
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Spondylolisthesis-Degenerative
  • Compression Fractures
  • Low Back Sprains and Strains
  • Herniated Lumbar Disc
  • Lumbar Disc Herniation
  • Osteoporosis
  • Spondylolisthesis Isthmic
  • Lumbar Stenosis
  • Cervical Stenosis
  • Neck Pain
  • Spondylosis
  • Neck Strains and Sprains
  • Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Scoliosis & Kyphosis
  • Sacral Tumor
  • Atlantoaxial dislocation
  • Spinal cord tumor
  • Intradural Tumor
  • Spinal cord glioma
  • Spinal cord meningioma
  • Neurofibroma
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis
  • Thoracolumbar fractures
  • Cervical Spine Injury
  • Spinal cord injuries

Frequently Asked Questions:

The spine or backbone consists of small bones called vertebrae arranged one on top of the other. The vertebrae contain a hole in the center through which the spinal cord passes. In between vertebrae, soft masses of tissue called intervertebral discs are present which protects the vertebrae from damage during movement. Injuries, infections, age-related changes, tumors and other disease conditions like scoliosis or ankylosing spondylitis may cause damage to the spine or the nerve roots emerging from the spinal cord. In patients who do not respond to conservative treatments like physiotherapy and medications, spinal surgery might be the only option.

i. To take pressure off from nerves which are causing difficulties

ii. To even out an unstable spine

iii. To restore a crooked spine

In spinal surgery, an opening may be made through the skin and muscles of the back, front or side of the body to reach the spine and rectify the infirmity. Today, with the advancement in technology, many of the procedures may be performed through a small opening using an endoscope or microscope called as minimally invasive spinal surgery (MISS). Lesser damage to muscles around the spine, faster recovery and lesser pain are the advantages of MISS. Other newer methods include artificial disc replacement procedures which completely preserve the mobility of the spine yet confer admirable stability as well.

i. The length of hospital stay after surgery may vary from person to person depending on the type of procedure and the need of the individual.

ii. MISS may require very few days of hospitalization while an open surgery may compel a slightly longer stay at the hospital.

iii. Rest is required immediately after the surgery.

iv. The patient will be on pain medications which will be adjusted as required and small drainage tubes will be present at the site of surgery which will be removed in 2-3 days.

v. Discharge from the hospital is usually done when there is an improvement in pain and overall health of the patient.

vi. Rest is very important in the first few weeks after surgery. It is advisable to spend almost half the day in bed and the other half moving around during this time.

vii. Lifting, pushing or pulling heavy weights should be avoided and abstain from twisting, stooping or other strenuous movements.

viii. The surgical wound site should always be kept clean and dry and the dressing over the wound site should be changed daily.

ix. Medications to be taken as prescribed by the doctor.

x. A return visit to the doctor may be required about six weeks after surgery.

xi. Physiotherapy may be required to help in the healing process and will be prescribed by the doctor when indicated.

xii. The time before which the patient is able to return to work will depend on the type of work, type of surgery and overall progress in health.

Key Procedures
  • 1

    Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

  • 2

    Open Discectomy

  • 3

    Lower Back (Lumbar) Surgery

  • 4

    Lumbar Interbody Fusion: ALIF PLIF TLIF DLIF

  • 5

    Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty

  • 6

    Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery — MISS

  • 7

    Laminoplasty Endoscopic Spine Surgery

  • 8

    Image Guidance Surgery

  • 9


  • 10

    Posterior Spinal Fusion

  • 11

    Spinal Fusion with Instrumentation

  • 12

    Posterior Cervical Laminectomy and Fusion

  • 13


  • 14

    Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery for Spondylolisthesis

  • 15

    Scoliosis correction surgery

  • 16

    Odontoid screw fixation

  • 17

    C1-C2 fusion

  • 18


  • 19

    Intradural Tumor excision

  • 20

    Nerve root block

  • 21

    Facetal block

  • 22

    Epidural steroid injection

  • 23


  • 24



Dr. Satish Rudrappa.

Director - Neurosciences, Senior Consultant Neurosurgery, Head - Dept. of Spine Surgery,

Dr. Swaroop Gopal

Senior Consultant - Neuro Surgery & Director - Neurosciences M.Ch (Neurosurgery) FASS (USA)

Dr. N Chandrashekar.

Consultant - Brain & Spine Surgeries And Neuro Trauma

Dr. Ramachandran.

Associate Consultant - Spine Surgery


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